What Causes Acne Scars and How to Prevent Them? 

Most individuals battle acne at some point in their lives. However, some might have it worse than others, especially during adolescence. Even if the skin clears up after acne, it could leave behind marks, i.e., acne scars. If one is dealing with acne scars, one must have wondered how to get rid of them. While several acne scar treatments are available, the first thing to keep the skin clear of acne scars is to prevent them in the first place. But before this, one also needs to understand the underlying reasons behind these acne scars. 

This article will provide detailed information on what acne scars are, their causes, treatment, and effective ways to get rid of stubborn acne scars. The insights for this post have been taken from Dr. K. C. Nischal and Dr. Urmila Nischal, renowned dermatologists known for performing the best Acne Treatment in Bangalore at Nirmal Skin and Hair Clinic. Let’s start by learning what acne scars are. 

What are Acne Scars? 

Acne scars are small bumps that often occur when acne is left untreated. They often develop as a complication of acne. These scars, such as pits and pockmarks, can become deeper and more difficult to heal. Around 80% of individuals between the ages of 11 and 30 experience acne, while 95% experience minor acne scarring. 

What are the Different Types of Acne Scarring? 

The three types of acne scars are atrophic, hypertrophic, and keloid. Each type varies depending on the cause, and the treatment’s effectiveness will depend upon the type. Following are the different types of acne scars: 

  • Atrophic Scars: Atrophic acne scars appear flat or sunken and look like deep holes in the skin. An inflammatory process that leads to collagen fiber dilapidation often leads to this type of scarring. This is considered to be the most common type of scarring. 
  • Hypertrophic Scars: Hypertrophic acne scars appear as raised bumps because of the tissue build-up. The size of the scars and the acne that caused them are the same. They frequently appear on the chest, back, jawline, and shoulders.
  • Keloid Scars: Keloid acne scars are bigger than the initial pimples and result from an overabundance of scar tissue. These are lumpy, elevated, and thick scars.

If one is experiencing acne scars and wants an effective treatment, one must consider visiting a dermatologist as soon as possible before the condition worsens. One can consult Dr. K. C. Nischal and Dr. Urmila Nischal, famous dermatologists, at Nirmal Skin and Hair Clinic, to get the best Acne Scar Treatment in Bangalore

What are the Causes of Acne Scarring? 

Like all scars, acne scars appear if the skin gets deeply affected. Minor abrasions to the outermost layer of the skin do not tend to result in scarring. This is because the body can easily regenerate the skin’s primary structure. But if the dermis takes a hit, the skin produces new collagen fibers, which results in new tissues that are different in pigmentation and texture than the original skin.

When oil glands become filled with cells, acne develops in the dermis. Severe acne may persist and cause discomfort, though mild to moderate acne breakouts usually go away on their own with time. Those with acne may try to pop, scratch, or pick at their pimples to relieve the condition, regardless of how severe the breakout is. Although popping pimples can remove extra debris and cells, it can also irritate the dermis and have an adverse effect on surrounding tissue. In the end, this may result in scarring and more severe outbreaks.

In summary, a large break in the follicular wall within the dermis results in acne scarring. In most situations, the damage to the dermis results from picking at acne. Severe acne could lead to scarring regardless of whether a patient touches their acne.

How Can I Prevent Acne Scars?

Once the type of acne scars has been identified, one can begin taking steps to prevent the formation of additional acne scars. Here are some of the ways to prevent acne scars:

  1. Avoid Popping Pimples

While it could be tempting to pick or pop a pimple, it is essential to remember that it causes more harm than good. While popping a pimple, one releases all the bacteria, dirt, and debris from the pimples and onto the skin, leaving an open wound. Not only does this create more acne, but it can also lead to scarring, which interferes with the skin’s natural healing process.

  1. Apply Sunscreen

Damage from the sun can lead to dark spots and scars from acne. Dermatologists recommend applying sunscreen with at least SPF 30 all year round. If one remains consistent about wearing sunscreen daily, any acne scars one develops will be much less noticeable because the skin will not be exposed to sun damage.

  1. Stay Moisturized

Keeping the skin moisturized can help in maintaining a plump and healthy appearance. By balancing the tone and texture of the skin, moisturizing helps the skin’s healing process as well as makes acne scars appear less prominent. One must also avoid hot showers and use moisturizer twice a day to prevent drying out their skin.

  1. Treat the Breakouts

It is essential to manage the acne scars and avoid future outbreaks to avoid scarring in the first place. Products containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid help treat the existing acne while also preventing new outbreaks. Moreover, one must make lifestyle changes such as remaining hydrated, changing pillow covers more often, and staying hydrated to prevent acne scars from developing in the first place.

Final Takeaway 

We hope you have now understood the factors that cause acne scars and how to prevent them in the first place. However, if one still faces acne scars, they must consult a dermatologist immediately.

One can make an appointment with Dr. K. C. Nischal and Dr. Urmila Nischal, renowned dermatologists who are the founders of the esteemed facility Nirmal Skin and Hair Clinic. The expert doctors will assess the skin’s condition and recommend the most apt treatment for your skin. These can include chemical peels, microneedling, laser skin resurfacing, etc. They will prepare a customized treatment plan to help individuals get rid of the acne scars on their faces. 

Visit Nirmal Skin and Hair Clinic, the Best Skin Clinic in Bangalore, to achieve clear skin by getting rid of stubborn acne scars!